Law and Legal Issues
One way or another, you might find yourself having some trouble with the law, or being asked to appear in court to resolve some legal issues, but what are legal issues exactly? What do they have to do with the law?
The law as most people know it is essentially a system of rules or guidelines which people are expected to follow. However, there are no universal laws. Instead, laws differ from territory to territory, because laws are usually made by governments, and take inspiration from a constitution and the rights defined in it. As such, no two countries have the same set of laws because they do not have the same constitution.
Law is tends to be divided into two main areas: Criminal law and civil law. Criminal law delves into social conduct and dealing with behavior that is found dangerous to the welfare of the people, and administers punishment when someone is found guilty of a crime. Meanwhile, civil law focuses on disputes between two parties and is distinct from criminal law because civil law is all about resolving a dispute or coming to an agreement between two parties instead of punishing a criminal.
The phrase “legal issues” can cover a lot of things, but they all boil down to being a cause for concern when it comes to the law. This basically means that a fact of law is being disputed over by two or more parties and sometimes needs to be settled at court.
Some issues most people are familiar with involve:
• Wills and trust funds in which the issues are the person’s children or lineal/direct descendants;
• Business issues in which the issues are the company’s stocks; and
• Civil and criminal procedure in which the issues are issues of fact, or whether something is true or false.
Issues in civil and criminal procedure are the issues that may be most familiar to people nowadays, as there are a lot of crime dramas that place emphasis on trials and other functions of the court.
Lawyers are people who practice law, and are hired by individuals or companies to perform legal services for them. They can also be called counselors, attorneys and solicitors, depending on the jurisdiction where they practice.
There tends to be a lot of misconception about the profession, like a lawyer can perform any legal task given to them, but this is not true. Like doctors, lawyers usually study and stick to one field, and this is where they represent their clients.
For example, someone may study to become a prosecutor, but that does not mean they’re immediately qualified to divorce matters as well.
In addition, not all hired lawyers work in courtrooms. Some tend to other legal work behind the scenes such as contracts and protecting the intellectual property of their employers, and there are also those who have never been to court at all.
These people are called transactional attorneys.
There is also one huge misconception about lawyers, and it’s usually that they don’t pay enough special attention to their clients, which is not so. In the end, lawyers are bound by law to protect their clients and must act to the benefit of their employers, even if their clients are criminals or have broken the law for their own interests.